Children’s sensorineural deafness can be divided into hereditary and non hereditary causes. How to prevent children’s sensorineural deafness can prevent children’s hearing from further damage.

For children with hereditary sensorineural deafness, it is necessary to check whether the parents or one of their families has the deafness gene. Women over the age of 35 are at an increased risk of having a newborn with trisomy, which can be accompanied by hearing problems. Some inherited syndromes show multiple malformations, which can also involve hearing organs.

But more is the non hereditary sensual tone nerve deafness, has the congenital and the postnatal difference.

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Most congenital sensorineural deafness is caused by hearing impairment during pregnancy and childbirth. In the first three months of pregnancy, if the pregnant women are infected with rubella virus, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis, herpes virus or Treponema pallidum, which leads to intrauterine infection, the fetal irreversible sensorineural deafness is often caused. In winter and spring, it is easy to have virus infection. Pregnant women may have rashes and only slight cold symptoms. Serum examination of virus antibody should be done. During childbirth, if the use of forceps and other trauma, severe asphyxia caused by dystocia, neonatal nuclear jaundice, maternal infant blood group Rh factor incompatibility or ABO hemolysis, premature low birth weight infants, fetal virus or other non bacterial infections, can cause hearing damage.

Postnatal sensorineural deafness is a kind of hearing loss caused by bacterial virus infection, drug poisoning or trauma in children’s growth. Children suffering from meningitis, meningitis, tuberculous encephalitis, mumps, measles, rubella, varicella, herpes and so on may cause a sharp decline in cochlear function. The abuse of aminoglycoside antibiotics (such as streptomycin, gentamicin, neomycin, kanamycin, micronomicin, etc.) is the main cause of severe sensorineural deafness in children in China. In many areas where the health work is relatively backward, the use of such antibiotics in the treatment of children’s fever, pneumonia and other diseases has resulted in children’s hearing disability. Brain injury may also cause damage to the inner ear structure.

Parents should pay enough attention to children’s sensorineural deafness.

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Link:How to prevent and treat children's sensorineural deafness

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