At present, there is no particularly effective method in clinical treatment of sensorineural deafness, but most of them are to choose appropriate hearing aids for hearing compensation and rehabilitation. Although the choice of hearing aids is ultimately decided by the patients, most of the patients still doubt whether they need hearing aids and ask for advice from audiology professionals. In addition to the actual hearing loss of the patients, other factors affecting the selection of hearing aids must be considered.
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The influencing factors of hearing aid selection
It is not rigorous to judge whether the hearing aid can help the patient simply according to the severity of pure tone hearing loss. Because in most cases, hearing aids can help patients with severe hearing loss; and some patients with mild or moderate hearing loss often complain about the use effect of hearing aids, in addition to simple hearing loss, other factors will also affect the use effect. They have all kinds of advantages, such as considering their own image and other people’s opinions on wearing hearing aids. The motivation of selecting hearing aids is the result of the interaction of various other positive or negative factors, including:
(1) the influence of hearing impairment and patients’ attitude towards hearing impairment
There is hearing impairment, but in the work and life communication, whether the patients realize and admit that they have hearing impairment, and can actively seek solutions, and whether the patients’ hearing impairment affects their life and work, whether they actively or passively treat the objective hearing impairment, is an important factor affecting the effect of hearing aid selection.
(2) consideration of self image and psychological problems
Hearing impairment is a kind of recessive obstacle, which is hard to be found if not in communication. Most people think that wearing hearing aids will make their obstacle defects public and affect their own image. Others will look at themselves curiously and think that they are “deaf”, “not smart”, “aging”, etc. Therefore, many patients pay too much attention to their own image, preferring to affect their social ability rather than using hearing aids that can help them. In the long run, they often affect their ability to understand the language because of less and less communication, resulting in serious communication obstacles and psychological problems.
(3) worry about the effect of hearing aid
Many patients have doubts about the effect of hearing aids. How much they will benefit from hearing aids depends on how much they hear or observe from hearing aid users or audiologists. Some patients even worry that they can’t operate the hearing aid flexibly and can’t get the ideal effect.
(4) cost of hearing aids
The cost of hearing aid matching and the cost performance ratio between the subsequent costs and the expected effect of hearing aid are also important factors affecting hearing aid matching.
(5) influence of others
After hearing impairment, patients are more likely to be affected by others, whether they use hearing aids actively or treat hearing impairment negatively. According to statistics, nearly half of hearing aid candidates decided to choose hearing aids because of the positive influence of their families or the suggestions of Audiology professionals.
Whether patients can correctly understand their hearing impairment and take a scientific attitude towards it is an important factor to decide whether they finally accept wearing hearing aids. Different patients’ initial mental state may lead to different attitudes towards hearing aids. Some of them reject hearing aids completely at the beginning, and some of them show excessive optimism about the effect of hearing aids at the beginning. Whether the patients really accept hearing aids or not is the result of the interaction of various positive or negative factors. If we can eliminate the patient’s concerns about the selection of hearing aids, and the patient’s hearing loss is indeed suitable for the use of hearing aids, under the effective guidance of professionals, it will change the patient’s attitude of conflict and rejection of hearing aids. As a professional of audiology, we should carefully analyze and study the patients’ concerns and doubts about the selection of hearing aids, especially for some hearing loss patients whose effect of selection of hearing aids is not obvious or whose help is not great, we should do patient and careful psychological consultation and detailed hearing examination, and analyze and guide them. Once the patients correctly recognize the help of hearing aids, they can accept hearing aids happily.
Jinghao hearing aid reminder: hearing aid wearing requires professional “matching”, so it is very important to choose a professional hearing aid matching center and a hearing aid tester! If you have any hearing problems, you can call Jinghao for consultation, or come to the matching center for experience. Hearing aid free consultation Tel.: + 86-18566295705
Link：What are the factors influencing the wearing effect of hearing aids
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