Preschool is the critical period of children’s attention development, in which most of children’s attention is short-lived and easy to shift. Therefore, for children in this stage, we should create a relaxed and interesting atmosphere, attract their attention, patiently guide and help them, gradually extend their time of intentional attention, and teach them how to observe things, think and other methods, so that children can form a good habit of serious, focused and thinking in daily life and study, so as to improve their Attention level.

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What factors affect the development of attention? Children’s attention development will be affected by heredity and disease, but family environment and upbringing play an important role in it. The following four conditions can affect children’s attention development:

1. Family members have different attitudes towards children’s upbringing, which makes children at a loss and difficult to be qualitative;

2. Parents are too pampering and indulgent to their children, lack of behavioral norms, make them do what they want to do, so they lack patience and self-control, and can’t concentrate on one thing;

3. There are too many toys or they are constantly updated, so that children can’t calm down and concentrate on playing, and can’t get the happiness of creation and experience from them;

4. The family can not provide a quiet environment for children, so it is difficult for children to form a good focus.

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Five ways to help develop children’s attention

1. Regular life

Simple and regular family life rhythm is very good for children’s growth. The time of getting up, eating, playing games, sleeping and telling stories should be fixed. For children who can’t concentrate easily, they need parents to help them build a regular life.

2. Create a quiet and tidy environment

A quiet and tidy environment can help children to be less disturbed by the outside world and keep their attention better. For example, the placement of items at home is not disorderly, children’s supplies and toys are collected in a fixed position, too many toys are not given to children every time, adults do not speak loudly and watch TV at home, do not be interference sources for children, etc.

3. Restrict children to watch TV and play video games

If children are used to the stimulation of sound, light and shadow, it is not easy to calm down to read, think and study, especially for children addicted to TV and video games. Even if parents force children to read and study, they are also “in the book and in the TV”. Therefore, it is necessary to limit children’s use time of TV and video games. At ordinary times, children should read more books and contact nature as much as possible.

4. Care for children and adjust their emotional state in time

It’s hard for a child to focus when he or she is in a bad physical or mental state, such as when he or she is sad, tired, stressed or sick. At this time, parents should give more care to their children, rather than blindly strict requirements. Only when they are in a happy mood, their children are more likely to concentrate on their work.

5. Improve attention through parent-child games

Play is the most favorite activity of children. In play activities, children’s concentration and stability will be enhanced. Therefore, parents can play interesting interactive games with their children, which can not only strengthen the parent-child relationship, but also consciously cultivate their children’s attention in the activities.

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Games for children under 3

Ring of the bell (1-2 years old)

Play method:

At the wrist of one foot of the child, a small bell is tied with a thin cloth. One parent leads him to run in front of the child, while the other parent chases the child behind. In the process, parents can also input the corresponding language: “the bell has long feet!”; “I want to chase the bell”; “I chase the bell!” “Wow, I haven’t! Ha ha! I chase the bell…”

After learning to walk, this method can exercise walking and running activities, promote the development of bones and muscles, maintain body balance, and feel the difference when two feet walk. At the same time, it can also let children experience a new feeling that they have never had before. Children always focus on observing or operating new things or playing methods. For infants who can only maintain three or five minutes of attention, this can extend the time of attention. Moreover, it can also promote children to think and understand the causal relationship between feet and toys.

The inspiration of the game:

In addition to the ring, as long as you can walk to bring out the sound of light things can play. For example, an empty drink bottle stuffed with a small stone, a car toy, etc. different toys can be tied to distinguish different sounds. In order not to stumble under the feet of things, adults should do a good job to prevent children from falling down, when necessary, to take the child’s hand. Parents can also tie things on their feet and walk together to see who can walk fast (but deliberately lose to children); they can also let children chase toys under the feet of adults.

How to expand the game:

1: step on “mouse”. Put some scraps of paper or soft cloth into the old socks, then tie them with ropes to make them look like rats, and then tie a rope. You drag along, let the child step on the “mouse”, step on the “mouse” and then “die”. Instead, you step on the “mouse”.

2: chase and beat “flies”. It’s too hard to catch flies. It’s better to make a fly. Cut the fly pattern from the pictorial paper and glue it to the handle made of a piece of hard paper. Yes! When the child is about to swat, you should remove the “fly” in your hand, let the child empty, and then continue to swat. Of course, it can’t be too hard at the beginning. Give more opportunities to the children. This can test children’s ability to focus and act.

I caught shoes (over 2.5 years old)

Play method:

Fishing toys are used to train children’s attention and patience. If there is no purchase at home or the children are not interested, parents can take local materials, think of shoes as fish, and think of tickler sticks or fly swatters as fishing rods. In the game, full of imagination, also exercise children’s attention and hand eye coordination ability.

The inspiration of the game:

When playing games with your child, it doesn’t matter if the child doesn’t follow the expected route or achieve a certain goal of the game. What we should do at this time is to put down the original goal of the game and observe the behavior of the child to see what he wants to do or is doing. Then, cooperate with the children’s activities or guide them to new games. After all, the child is a thoughtful person, not at our disposal, so do not force the child to adhere to the original game activities. Find out the reason afterwards: is it too difficult and complicated, or is the child just not like it? No matter what the reason is, we should take respecting the child as the premise and make the decision of concession, change or giving up.

How to expand the game:

1. Grab clothes by hook. Tickler is a good hook tool. It can be used to hook all things that can be hooked. Put a lot of small clothes in the center of the bed, such as socks, scarves, hats, scarves, vests, etc. parents and children each stand on both sides of the bed with a tickler, grabbing to hook small clothes, even if they hook them, see who hooks more.

2. Homemade fishing rod. Find a thin stick, tie a line at the end and a hook made of wire under the line. A fishing rod is made! Use it to catch all kinds of “fish” (such as shoes, hats, etc.). Since the hook tied by the string is easy to shake, it is more difficult to hook things than to scratch the stick. If your child doesn’t like to play with fine fishing toys, try this one.

Link:Teach you how to develop your child's attention

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