Every child is the hope of the family, and the health of the baby is particularly important. The infant period is the critical period of the baby’s hearing development. If you want the baby’s hearing health, you must do a good job of hearing health care within three years after birth. Otolaryngologists stress that the infant’s nervous system and auditory organs are not mature, any bad factors will damage the infant’s immature auditory system, so parents should be more careful to protect the baby’s hearing and pay attention to the baby’s hearing health.
How to protect newborn’s hearing?
1. Actively prevent diseases
Such as measles, epidemic meningitis, encephalitis B, otitis media and so on, will damage the baby’s hearing organs to varying degrees, and then cause hearing impairment. For this kind of disease, the most important and effective preventive measure is to make good vaccination according to the program of EPI.
2. Careful medication
Many drugs can cause damage to human hearing, especially antibiotics, such as streptomycin, gentamicin, chloramphenicol, etc.
3. Try to avoid noise
The infant’s hearing organ is not well developed, the external auditory canal is short and narrow, and the eardrum is thin, so it can’t bear strong sound stimulation. In particular, sharp noise can damage the baby’s soft hearing organ and weaken the hearing, and even cause noise deafness.
4. Don’t dig your baby’s ears at will
Earwax has some physiological functions, such as preventing the invasion of dust and insects, buffering noise and protecting tympanic membrane. In addition, the greasiness of earwax can also prevent the invasion of external water. However, many parents mistakenly regard it as a waste and often dig out the ears of the baby. They don’t know that the ear canal of the baby is immature, mostly in the form of flat gaps, delicate skin and a little carelessness. The light ones cut out the skin, causing infection, even boils and swelling; the heavy ones cut out the eardrum, causing hearing loss. Of course, too much earwax is not good, but with chewing, mouth opening or yawning, it can fall off by itself with the help of the movement of the jaw and other joints. If the “oil ear” or earwax is too big to block the ear canal and affect the hearing, please ask a doctor for treatment.
How to promote the hearing development of newborn?
It is found that sound environment is indispensable for sound development. Generally speaking, babies like their mother’s heartbeat (because they are already familiar with this kind of sound in their mother’s stomach), the rhythm of grunt (because the fetus is growing up in the grunt of amniotic fluid), the quiet and soothing sound and the sound of their own. Therefore, you may as well use these sounds to stimulate children’s hearing and improve their hearing. The specific methods are as follows:
Hold your child more. It’s best to hold your child with your left hand, so that the child can be as close to his heart as possible, so as to hear the heartbeat.
01. Put half a basin of clear water in front of the baby. The parents use a glass tube to blow air into the water, creating a grunt.
02. Talk to children in a low voice, hum, or play some music with slow rhythm and beautiful melody. However, the time should be moderate and not too long.
Ears are an important organ for people to communicate with the outside world. How wonderful it is to listen to the world. I hope every child can listen to the world and have a happy childhood and grow up healthily in laughter.
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