“I’m afraid it’s loud. I can’t hear well. Will it be loud when I check it? I can’t stand it. “This is an occasional question in the audition room. There’s no problem with hearing. People around don’t think it’s very loud, but some people think it’s “the devil’s voice pierces the brain” and “deafening”. It’s like all the voices in the whole world have been turned to the maximum volume, and the ears and head are about to explode. He (she) can’t stand the sound of flipping newspaper, running water from faucet in kitchen sink, putting stainless steel tableware in sink, washing machine, refrigerator, crying baby, even the sound of bowl hitting the table, etc., while the high sound of doorbell, telephone, emergency brake of car makes him (her) crazy! Therefore, it is serious Patients with hearing allergies, even when brushing their teeth and washing their faces, have to wear earplugs (masks) to walk on tiptoe. They may have to live in isolation. Even if they move to the top of the mountain or the end of the sea, they will feel that the sound of wind blowing, insects singing, birds chirping or rolling waves is too annoying. Finally, they will be locked in the airtight windows, curtains, earplugs, industrial earmuffs, unable to walk out of the “secret room” , let alone its social life and career development!
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What is hyperacusis?
Auditory hypersensitivity refers to the inability to bear the voice of ordinary daily life. It can also be said that normal people don’t sound loud, but people with auditory hypersensitivity can’t bear it, or even feel ear pain. Usually the most painful sounds for people who are allergic to hearing are sudden loud noises such as sirens, emergency brakes, children’s screams and clapping. Sometimes, people with hearing allergies are so serious that they start to avoid any public or social activities to protect their ears. Hearing allergies can be sudden, such as attending a loud heavy metal concert or shaking your head party, shooting, car airbags blasting, fireworks show or beeps; or they can form slowly, such as long-term exposure to noise. Some patients may have only one ear at first, but soon after, most of them have both ears. There are different degrees of difference: mild, moderate and severe. About 90% of people with hearing allergy have annoying tinnitus, but no hearing loss. About one in 50000 people will have hearing allergies, but one in 1000 people with tinnitus will have hearing allergies. Adults and children may have it. Although hearing allergy won’t kill people, it’s enough to kill people!
What causes hearing sensitivity?
Although auditory hypersensitivity is only a symptom, its causes are diverse. Traces of auditory hypersensitivity can be found from the following diseases, such as: Bell’s palsy, Ramsay Hunt syndrome, TMJ syndrome, noise injury, Meniere’s disease, otologists, especially stapedecto My), extralymphatic vessels, etc. In the central nervous system, including: migraine, depression, head injury, Williamson’s syndrome, learning disabilities, autism and extensive development disorders, spinal anesthesia, multiple sclerosis and so on. In hormonal and infectious disease s such as Addison’s disease and neurosyphilis, as well as unknown causes. Although the real mechanism of auditory hypersensitivity is still unknown, most researchers believe that it is the function of the brain regulating the sound that causes the problem.
When have auditive allergy, how should be good?
Don’t be loud, “Silence” is not a good thing!
Once there is hearing sensitivity, the ability to tolerate the sound will increase or decrease with the passage of time. The key factor is whether it is continuously exposed to high pitched noise. For the patients who have just had auditory hypersensitivity, appropriate health education should be given immediately. Ordinary people encounter sudden whips, explosions and other loud sounds, instinctively covering their ears and hiding. Of course, it is necessary to wear earplugs or earmuffs in time to avoid exposure to high pitched noise as much as possible. However, the patients with hearing allergy often wear earplugs or earmuffs all the time to reduce the noise of the outside world. In the long run, this will not only improve the symptoms of hearing allergy, but also cause more deterioration, because earplugs or earmuffs will increase the gain value of the central auditory system, which will make their hearing allergy more sensitive and form malignant Cycle. Up to now, there is no medicine or surgery to cure hearing allergy. Nowadays, “tinnitus desensitization therapy” recommended by otolaryngologists at home and abroad is more effective in relieving this symptom. In addition to providing health education consultation for patients, we suggest that patients should use “desensitization sounder” – similar to hearing aid in appearance. By using low volume, wide-band noise and wearing for a long time, the ears will gradually “desensitize” the sound and increase their tolerance for the sound. Although this method can not be completely cured, it will gradually improve.
Who should I ask for help?
We can ask for help from otorhinolaryngologists in order to find out the possible causes and exclude those who can be treated or improved by medical treatment, such as TMJ syndrome, Menier’s syndrome and so on. After that, in addition to otolaryngologists, audiologists, psychiatrists and clinical psychologists, the complete medical team members will be able to provide a complete examination and treatment plan, so as to help patients with hearing allergies regain their good looks, step out of the secret room, and move towards a colorful and colorful life
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