According to statistics, there are more than 200 million children in our country. Every year, more than 30000 newborns are screened for sensorineural deafness. In addition to severe sensorineural deafness, most children’s “deafness” can be treated or cured through postnatal intervention – cochlear implant. Before the age of five, it is the best age for cochlear implant to restore hearing and learn to speak. In addition, whether it is implanted into the artificial ear socket or wearing hearing aids, language training in the rehabilitation period is indispensable. “Complete language training accompanied by parents is an important guarantee for the deaf children to return to society and return to normal life.
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Causes of hearing impairment in children
The first is congenital factors, including heredity and gene mutation. If a parent is deaf or has a family history of deafness, or has had a child with hearing impairment, the risk of hearing impairment in a newborn will multiply.
The second is infection. Epidemic meningitis, mumps, measles, rubella and otitis media may cause hearing damage. On the one hand, the virus accumulates in the cochlea and causes infection. On the other hand, the disease directly damages the brain and affects the hearing system. The factors of childbirth should not be ignored, such as intrauterine infection during pregnancy, premature delivery and low birth weight are the high risk factors of deafness.
In addition, trauma, noise, streptomycin and other ototoxic drugs may cause hearing loss.
With the development of science and technology, the invention of digital hearing aid and cochlear implant has become a milestone in the field of rehabilitation of hearing-impaired children. They can still learn to listen and speak by choosing hearing aids or implant cochlear implants, supplemented by professional auditory speech training. It is understood that at present, there are three kinds of rehabilitation forms for hearing-impaired children: Institutional rehabilitation: hearing-impaired children receive full-time rehabilitation education in rehabilitation institutions, professional personnel directly carry out rehabilitation for children, and give some guidance to parents. Family rehabilitation: hearing-impaired children receive rehabilitation training at home. They can receive guidance from rehabilitation institutions through parent-child training, parent-child training, appointment of individual training and other forms. Study in regular class: hearing-impaired children are enrolled in regular kindergartens and regular schools. Their parents can strengthen their rehabilitation at home and receive regular guidance from rehabilitation institutions.
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