Some time ago, a parent asked why his or her child can listen with a hearing aid, but it’s hard to understand what to express when he or she said it. Today, I will discuss this issue with the parents.
In the process of rehabilitation training for deaf children, I believe that many parents have encountered this situation. Children wear hearing aids or cochlear implants to check the hearing threshold test, and the hearing aid effect is very good, but the results are not ideal when they check the speech test (that’s why it is recommended to carry out the speech test, because we will eventually return to “say”).
Some of our parents have learned from the relevant science popularization that children can’t listen or learn to speak, so we can give children hearing aid intervention, with hearing aids or cochlear implants, so that children can learn to listen and speak as soon as possible.
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But why does the child learn to listen and speak unsatisfactory? There are many reasons. In addition to the lack of practice, the late age of listening intervention and other reasons, there is also a reason that the child does not really understand the language he hears.
Our brain has the characteristic of plasticity. The younger the child is, the larger the plastic “space” will be. The normal hearing-impaired child will receive the external sound very smoothly from childhood (even from the mother’s stomach). However, the hearing-impaired child will receive the language input later, and the mental development will be slower than the hearing-impaired child In addition, the way of learning language for hearing impaired children is slightly different from that of hearing impaired children. We will give more speech input to children, and also repeat language training. However, in this kind of rehabilitation training for deaf children, we may ignore whether children really understand the voice they hear.
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In short, when we express and describe things, we use some words to divide them into two parts. One part is representable, that is, things that can be directly and concretely felt through senses such as vision and touch, such as cups, toys, dads, etc.; the other part is not representable, and can not be directly and concretely felt through senses, such as sadness, metaphor, immediacy, liveliness, etc It’s relatively easy to retell these words, but it’s not easy for younger children to express them in their own words.
Children’s retelling language only needs to be heard first and then followed, but independent expression needs to understand the meaning of words, especially some words that can’t be described directly. Usually we will use situational teaching to tell children in speech rehabilitation teaching. For example, “Sadness” is a word. When school is over, other children are picked up by their parents. Only one child is left. An experienced speech rehabilitation teacher will seize the opportunity to comfort the child, “is it unhappy or sad?” so the child will know that his current feelings are sadness. Some children are very smart, he will immediately ask, what is the difference between unhappy and sad?
To solve this problem, we need to know why when we teach children the word “sad”, we mentioned the word “unhappy” before. When we guide children, we often use a simple word as a foreshadowing, like the word “unhappy” in the example, which is relatively simple. Children understand before, so that they will know , the current mood is unhappy (at the same time, strengthen the words learned in the past), while sadness and unhappiness are synonyms, the children will know that the meaning of the two words is similar, the previous learning of “unhappy” will help him understand the word “sad”, and the self feelings in the situation will help him understand the meaning of the word.
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In turn, answer the child’s question just now, “what’s the difference between unhappiness and sadness”. At this time, you can explain to the child. For example, if you don’t play the toy you want to play, that feeling is unhappiness. My parents didn’t come to pick me up. This feeling is sadness. Children themselves will compare the differences between these two emotions. We always say that children are too young to understand anything. In fact, children understand everything, but they are not very able to express it.
Situational teaching method can teach children to learn language well. However, for a long time in the past, we have been passively grasping opportunities. We are passively waiting for specific situations, such as when children are happy, we will teach them happy mood vocabulary and so on.
With the further development of rehabilitation speech training for deaf children, in fact, we can also actively create situational opportunities for children, and teach them to understand vocabulary by playing games. For example, being a family is a good game, which can play imagination freely, complete any common situation in life, and accomplish many things that cannot be done or are not easy to do in real situations 。
Because our listening and understanding are not synchronized, listening does not mean understanding. Our auditory development has to go through four stages: perception, discrimination, recognition and understanding. When the understanding stage is completed, we can express independently, not just repeat. Some experts pointed out that sometimes when we teach our children language, we just skip the steps of understanding and ask them to repeat and correct their pronunciation when they don’t understand. The result of this is that the children can really make sound and express standardized sentences correctly, but the words in the sentences that are difficult to understand can’t be used independently. In other words, the children can only use them in similar situations Use example sentences, you can’t use difficult words in other situations.
Therefore, in the process of hearing speech rehabilitation of deaf children, it is not possible to jump to the steps of “pulling out the weak and encouraging the weak”. These words can better develop children’s speaking ability only when children really understand them, not only when they can express them.
Jinghao hearing aid reminder: hearing aid wearing requires professional “matching”, so it is very important to choose a professional hearing aid matching center and a hearing aid tester! If you have any hearing problems, you can call Jinghao for consultation, or come to the matching center for experience. Hearing aid free consultation Tel.: + 86-18566295705
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Link：What problems will deaf children encounter in language rehabilitation
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