Characteristics of hearing impaired patients

Hearing impairment refers to the permanent loss of hearing function, that is, without hearing aids, one-to-one speech can not be heard, that is, the so-called hard of hearing or deaf.

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Physiological characteristics

The most obvious physiological feature of hearing impaired people is that they have obvious communication difficulties when talking with people. Their language development is slower than that of deaf people of the same age, and their pronunciation is not correct, especially in the aspect of initials, there are often omissions, substitutions, or lack of nasal sounds. The intonation lacks height, cadence and monotony. When listening to others, pay special attention to the face, mouth shape or expression of the other person, and often compare hands and feet to help him express his meaning with gestures or actions. When talking with people, the head often leans forward or turns to the speaker, trying to listen to what others are saying. There is no response to the sounds of the environment (e.g. electric ring, telephone, footstep, car horn, etc.) or people’s voice. In class, we often ignore the call of teachers or classmates, sometimes we can’t concentrate on listening, looking left and right, expecting other people to provide information clues.

Less active questioning or discussion in groups. You may often complain of earache, ear discomfort, dizziness or tinnitus. When using the radio, TV or recorder, you may turn the volume very loud. Often asked to retell just said or habitually said: “ah?”. When talking to them in a normal voice, they often don’t respond or pay attention.

Psychological characteristics

Hearing impaired people are totally the same as ordinary people. They can cry, laugh and beat people as well as lovers. In the process of growing up, because of different family environment, different school atmosphere, different teaching methods, teachers are shaped into different temperament, different thoughts, different personality characteristics. If you ask people with hearing impairment what are their psychological characteristics and see what are the characteristics of ordinary people, it should not be far from each other. Just because the educational environment that ordinary people receive from childhood is not very different, so they ask each other very “similar”. The deaf may have different characteristics because they receive education in different educational settings (ordinary class, resource class, qicong class, qicong school). Most of the first three were gentle, elegant, humorous and active, and their advantages and disadvantages were close to those of ordinary people. The fourth kind of hearing impaired people often refused to eat, choosed to eat, or overeated to attract people because of the difficulty in absorbing health knowledge and poor communication with their families or friends.

In terms of behavior, they are also different from ordinary people. For example, they act excessively, are big and rude, can’t hear the voice, open the door and close the door too loudly, don’t know how to quarrel with others, make people angry and don’t know about themselves. Therefore, there are fewer friends in the group, and they are often solitary, suspicious, self-centered, selfish, stubborn, low frustration tolerance, not easy to accept advice, disobedient, lose their temper Social relations are less mature, impulsive, autonomous, independent, creative, happy, secure and motivated. There are often self abasement, loneliness, loneliness and helplessness. Although the above characteristics are often mentioned in the research report, if you think about it carefully, don’t ordinary people also have these characteristics? It’s just because the number of deaf people is small, a little unusual, in the listening world, it feels like “a lot”.

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